The Legal Consequences of Illegal Wars

David Kaye, Foreign Affairs, 29.8.2013.


The United States, by all indications, will soon become a belligerent in Syria’s civil war. The Syrian government's alleged use of chemical weapons to kill hundreds crossed a redline that U.S. President Barack Obama claimed a year ago would be the game changer, and the game for Washington, London, and Paris has clearly changed. Yet one thing has not: the international law governing when states may use force.

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Brzezinski on the Syria Crisis

The National Interest, 24.6.2013.


Following is a TNI interview with Zbigniew Brzezinski, former White House national-security adviser under Jimmy Carter and now a counselor and trustee at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a senior research professor at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. The interview was conducted by Jacob Heilbrunn, TNI senior editor.

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The Limitations of Limited War in Syria

Mark R. Jacobson, The German Marshall Fund, 28.8.2013.


There is no doubt that Bashar al-Assad’s use of chemical weapons last week crossed all 50 shades of the “red line.” While prudence dictated restraint this past June, the repeated violation of international norms now may require a military response.

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Syria and the Limits of Responsibility to Protect

US News, ICRtoP, 17.8.2013.


It wasn't supposed to be this way. When United Nations members were prodded to establish a "responsibility to protect" doctrine, establishing that states must secure the lives of their citizens and that if they fail outsiders may step in, advocates assumed that heightened awareness and acknowledgement of atrocities would be enough to impel more visible international action – in contrast to the debacles in the 1990s, in which hundreds of thousands of civilians died in Rwanda and Bosnia, and the international community split over the legitimacy of humanitarian intervention.

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