29.11.2012, e-Novine, Pravo porodica na pravdu i istinu

e-novine, 29.11.2012.

29.11.2012, Pravo porodica na pravdu i istinu

RTS, Topčider, Leskovac...
Porodice stradalih radnika RTS-a, gardista u Topčideru i vojnika u Leskovcu već čitavu deceniju traže pravdu i istinu o sudbini svojih najmilijih.

Dugi sudski procesi, kontradiktorna tumačenja događaja i zatvorenost pojedinih institucija otežavaju pristup pravdi i krše osnovna ljudska prava porodica stradalih. O trenutnom stanju ovih predmeta u sudskim procesima, glavnim preprekama i očekivanjima u daljoj potrazi za istinom razgovaralo se na okruglom stolu održanom u četvrtak u Medija centru, u organizaciji Helsinškog odbora za ljudska prava. Učestvovali su Izabela Kisić (Helsinški odbor za ljudska prava), Kristina Todorović (YUCOM), Olgica Batić (pravna zastupnica porodica gardista u Topčideru), Predrag Savić (pravni zastupnik porodica vojnika u Leskovcu), Žanka Stojanović (predstavnica porodica stradalih radnika RTS-a 1999) i Jelena Milić (Centar za evroatlantske studije).

29.11.2012, Blic, Apel porodica poginulih radnika RTS i ubijenih vojnika: Molimo insajdere da progovore

Blic, 29.11.2012.

blic-online

Predstavnici nevladinih organizacija i pravni zastupnici porodica radnika RTS poginulih u bombardovanju 1999. ubijenih gardista u Topčideru i stradalih vojnika u Leskovcu apelovali su danas na insajdere i sve koji znaju nešto o tim slučajevima da ih objave, kako bi se konačno otkrili odgovorni i zaustavio talas nerasvetljenih smrti u Srbiji.

Učesnici okruglog stola Helsinškog odbora za ljudska prava u Srbiji ukazali su da porodice stradalih već čitavu deceniju traže pravdu i istinu o sudbini svoje dece.

Predstavnica Helsinškog odbora za ljudska prava Izabela Kisić ukazala je da bi sadašnji predsednik Srbije Tomislav Nikolić i potpredsednik vlade Aleksandar Vučić, kao i čelnici SPS, imali mnogo toga da kažu o događajima od 1998. do 2000. godine.


Ona je predočila da je u tom periodu, kako je rekla, "državnog terora", Vučić bio ministar informisanja, a Nikolić član Upravnog odbora RTS. Direktorka Centra za evroatlantske studije Jelena Milić, citirajući izjavu Nikolića povodom afere prisluškivanja da su on i Vučić 'upali u zmijsko gnezdo među ljude, koji
gospodare životima', izjavila je da je nova garnitura vlasti postala obazriva na stanje sektora bezbednosti tek kad su se oni našli u toj situaciji.

Prema njenoj oceni, ključni problem je odsustvo kontrole nad službama bezbednosti, koje još imaju veliki uticaj na pravosuđe. Ovi predmeti dokazuju koliko su u Srbiji službe, pre svega vojne službe bezbednosti, nekontrolisane, a koliko su sudovi kontrolisani i to je razlog zašto ovoliko dugo traje ova pravna borba, rekla je Milić.

Pravna zastupnica porodica gardista ubijenih u Topčideru Olgica Batić navela je da je, zbog svih propusta i nerasvetljenih činjenica, kao narodna poslanica predala Skupštini Srbije predlog za obrazovanje Anketnog odbora za ispitivanje političke pozadine ubistva gardista. Nadam se da će bar Skupština imati sluha za ono za šta pravosuđe nije imalo proteklih osam godina, kako bi se utvrdila istina, u čast vojnika, koji su pošteno služili svojoj zemlji, a čija smrt ne sme ostati nepoznanica, rekla je Batić.

Otac gardiste Dragana Jakovljevića, Janko je ocenio da je pravda spora zbog toga što neko u državi nema volju da te slučajeve razreši i najavio njihov sledeći korak- prijem kod novog predsednika države, premijera i ministra pravde od kojih očekuju pravni epilog.

"Od prvog dana nismo verovali ni vojsci, ni državi, posle osam godina, i svih dokaza, čak i priznanja da su deca ubijena i dalje se ćuti i dalje se neko štiti", rekao je otac gardiste Dražena Milovanovića.

Sedam godina smo čekali priznanje, evo već deveta godina niko ništa ne preduzima. Mi roditelji samo tražimo istinu da izađe na videlo i da mirno živimo, poručio je on. Predstavnica porodica poginulih radnika RTS Žanka Stojanović je navela da su oni prikupili sve dokaze i dokumenta koja jasno ukazujuju na krivicu vojnog vrha države za smrt zaposlenih u RTS i objavili u knjizi "Tiština u Abardarevoj".

Ona je ukazala da je jedini osuđen zbog stradanja radnika RTS Dragoljub Milanović, a da je izostala odgovornost naredbodavaca. Sa svim dokazima, kako je navela, o nesumnjivoj umešanosti Generalštaba obišli smo sve pravosudne organe, ali jedini odgovor države je ćutanje.

"Ta tišina je zakonita za državu u kojoj živimo. Prošli smo kraj svih čuvara i saznali da postoji arhiv, kojem nam je zabranjen pristup. Mi čak i znamo šta se u njemu krije, koji fajl i pod kojim brojem je zaveden Dosije Pravne uprave Ministarstva odbrane 466 i da u njemu piše da je generalštab VS tačno znao da će u noći 23. aprila 1999. avion NATO bombardovati Televiziju Beograd i odbio da evakuiše zaposlene", navela je Stojanović.

*****
Prodali pušku iz koje vojnik ubijen
Pravni zastupnik porodica poginulih vojnika u kasarni u Leskovcu Predrag Savić je rekao da se u slučaju vojnika Dragana Kostića događaju neverovatne stvari. Vojska Srbije je prodala pušku iz koje je vojnik ubijen, odnosno predmet izvršenja krivičnog dela je uništen, ni uniforma ubijenog vojnika nije sačuvana, zbog čega je nemoguće sprovesti istragu, naveo je Savić, uz ubeđenje da je reč o ubistvu, a ne samoubistvu vojnika.

28.11.2012, Balkan Insight, Jeremić's Interest in the UN's Image is Selective

Jelena Milić, Balkan Insight, 28.11.2012.

balkan-insight

The UN General Assembly President, Vuk Jeremić, has scheduled a debate for April 10 next year on the role and performance of international ad hoc criminal tribunals founded by the UN.

He decided on this move in line with his powers as president of the General Assembly, following the decision of The Hague Tribunal Appeal Chamber to acquit two Croatian generals for their role in the 1995 operation, Operation Storm.

Jeremic said the acquittal of Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markac has dealt a blow to the UN’s reputation.

But the attitude of Jeremic and the rest of the Serbian leadership to the “UN’s reputation” appears selective.

His appointment to the helm of the General Assembly has already caused tension in the UN, while some unwritten rules that worked well for years have been broken.

The question of the UN’s reputation could also be discussed from the point of view of the behaviour of the General Assembly President, and his broad interpretation of his powers, particularly those linked to his connections to his own country.

Vojin Dimitrijevic, late expert on the UN’s work, noted that the General Assembly President’s “has to be fully unbiased, meaning that he cannot publicly advocate his country’s interests, which is obviously what is expected of Jeremic.”

Contrary to this presentation of the role of the Assembly President, Jeremic recently posted on Twitter: “I represent my country at the helm of the leading United Nations body.”

There are also questions over what appears his erroneous interpretation of the ICTY Appeals Chamber verdict in the Gotovina and Markac case, and whether this has also dealt a blow to UN’s reputation.

Jeremic interpreted the ICTY verdict thus in his official explanation of the scheduling of the debate.

“There is no doubt that a quarter of a million Serbs were expelled from their homes in just a few days, and that the court which was set up to investigate such wrongdoings, practically decided that there were no culprits nor anyone responsible for these acts,” he wrote.

“The conclusion that can be drawn from this is that there were actually no crimes, which is in obvious contradiction with reality”.

Jeremic was even more explicit on Twitter: “I will cause these international criminals the kind of damage that they never expected,” he wrote.

Unless he is thinking of Markac and Gotovina, and there’s not much legal space for Jeremic to cause them damage, the only conclusion that can be drawn is that Jeremic is referring to the judges of the Tribunal Appeals Chamber.

Yet, in spite of all the well-founded criticism of the Appeal Chamber’s verdict, which has been widely discussed, nowhere was it written in the verdict that there are no culprits and crimes in the case of the Croatian Army’s Operation “Storm”.

Meanwhile, in a recent interview with the daily Politika, Jeremic admitted that he had consulted with Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic before scheduling the UN debate, while stressing that the decision was his.

An advisor to Nikolic, Oliver Antic, a man who boasts that he “undermined the foundations of The Hague Tribunal with scientific arguments even before this court started work”, also said in a recent interview with the daily Vecernje Novosti that it was important to launch a UN debate and announced that the President would speak at the event.

In connection with the generals’ acquittal, Antic added that, “in the final act of The Hague theatre of injustice and absurdity, evil was fully exposed and showed its true face.”

One question is whether statements such as this also constitute “a blow to the reputation of the United Nations” - or whether the season for delivering blows was opened and made legitimate the minute that Markac and Gotovina were acquitted.

Another question is how Jeremic sees the series of statements by President Nikolic in which he has denied that Bosnian Serbs committed genocide in Srebrenica, Bosnia, in 1995.

The ad-hoc Tribunal at The Hague and the permanent court of justice in The Hague, both UN courts, passed final verdicts long before the Appeals Chamber did in the Croatian generals’ case, defining the crime of Srebrenica as genocide.

Might not Nikolic’s refusal to accept this also be seen as a “a blow to the reputation of the United Nations?” How do such statements affect the reconciliation process in the region, which has suddenly become a matter of concern to Jeremic?

As Serbian Foreign Minister, Jeremic himself also asked the Permanent Court of Justice in The Hague, a court founded by the UN, to assess whether or not the unilateral proclamation of Kosovo’s independence was in line with international law.

When the assessment declared that this act did not violate international law, with the state leadership’s consent, Jeremic systemically marginalized this decision.

Instead he placed the fate of relations between Serbia and Kosovo, especially Serbia’s stance on Kosovo’s independence, in the hands of the EU and within its jurisdiction. A blow to the reputation of the UN system?

Interestingly, at the same time, and obviously in coordination with the Serbian leadership, as Jeremic scheduled a public debate on the role of international ad-hoc tribunals in achieving justice and reconciliation between peoples, the Serbian leadership cancelled its participation in and support for a meeting in Serbia at which the legacy of the Hague Tribunal was to be discussed.

Having in mind the above, the impression is that the announced debate won’t serve for Jeremic, Antic, Nikolic and others in the Serbian leadership either to defend the reputation of the UN or to consider the role and performance of international ad-hoc criminal tribunals founded by the UN in achieving justice and reconciliation between peoples.

Instead, their aim appears to be to devalue the overall work of these courts, particularly The Hague Tribunal.

This devaluation is aimed at laying in advance the foundations to negate every verdict passed before The Hague Tribunal and the Permanent Court of Justice that points to the responsibility and/or guilt of someone from Serbia, a Serb, or of the state of Serbia, especially in connection with Srebrenica.

This intention, rather than a wrong verdict based on a poorly worded indictment, is the bigger threat to the reconciliation process in the region.

27.11.2012, RTV, Dokument: Zašto zidovi imaju uši?

Radio Televizija Vojvodine, 27.11.2012.

JelenaMilić RTV

Gostovanje Jelene Milić, Marka Nicovića i Rodoljuba Šabića u emisiji Dokument na RT Vojvodina, na temu "Zašto zidovi imaju uši?", možete pogledati ovde.

20.11.2012, RFE, Kuda vodi Jeremićev potez o tribunalima

Radio Slobodna Evropa, 20.11.2012.

radio-slobodna-evropa

Predsednik Generalne skupštine Ujedinjenih nacija Vuk Jeremić, koji je zakazao javnu raspravu u UN o ulozi međunarodnih ad hoc krivičnih tribunala u ostvarivanju pravde i pomirenja između naroda, rekao je ponedeljak uveče da smatra da tribunal u Hagu nije ispunio svoju svrhu, jer pomirenje među narodima ne može da se gradi na bazi negacije i veličanja zločina.

"Očekujem pritiske da se od rasprave odustane, ali odustajanja neće biti", poručio je Jeremić, bivši šef diplomatije Srbije.

Koliko god bila kontroverzna presuda Haškog tribunala o oslobađanju hrvatskih generala Ante Gotovine i Mladena Markača za zločine počinjene tokom akcije hrvatske vojske "Oluja" istražujemo kuda vodi potez ovaj predsednika GS UN Vuka Jeremića.

Jelena Milić, direktorka Centra za evroatlantske studije najpre kaže da je neodgovoran način na koji je Jeremić na zvaničnom Twitter profilu komentarisao ovu kontroverznu presudu.

"Mislim da je apsolutno neprimereno funkciji koju on obavlja i da to može da ima negativne posledice", ocenjuje ona.

Milić smatra da Jeremiću nije u interesu da zaista ispita ulogu ad hoc tribunala.

"Vi zakazujete ovakvu debatu u UN-u, ne nudeći alternativu - vama nije iskren cilj da vidite šta je doprinos tranzicionoj pravdi od strane ad hoc sudova, već nešto očito potpuno drugo, a to je da se unapred pripremi teren da se diskvalifikuju sve iduće presude koje su ostale u Haškom tribunalu, a mahom se tiču Srebrenice. Ono što je meni takođe zaparalo uši u ovoj dvoličnosti Jeremićeve kampanje, jeste činjenica da on nije reagovao pre ove presude - kada je predsednik Srbije Tomislav Nikolić vređao, po meni, UN sudove i stalni sud pravde i Haški tribunal, tvrdeći da se u Srebrenici nije desio genocid, bez obzira što imamo dve pravosnažne presude i u jednom i u drugom sudu koje to kažu", navodi Milić.

Već naneta šteta Srbiji

Direktorka Centra za evroatlantske studije upitana kako joj izgleda Jeremićeva argumentacija da on smatra da Haški tribunal nije ispunio svrhu, jer kako kaže, ne može se pomirenje graditi tako što će se neki zločini negirati, odgovara:

"Da su oni zaista zainteresovani za žrtve Oluje i za pravdu za žrtve Oluje - a radila sam u Helsinškom odboru na projektu 'Hoću kući', prvom projektu povratka izbeglica iz Knina i Krajine natrag u Hrvatsku - oni bi sada gledali da pritiskaju međunarodnu zajednicu, pre svega Evropsku uniju da pred Hrvatsku postavi uslov za daljnja suđenja pred domaćim sudovima".

Milić ističe da to što su Gotovina i Markač oslobođeni ne znači da ratni zločini počinjeni u Oluji mogu da zastare i da ne postoje drugi mehanizmi na kojima se oni mogu procesuirati.

Postavlja se pitanje do čega može dovesti Jeremićeva inicijativa, ako se zna kako su završavale druge pred međunarodnim institucijama - počev od rezolucije za Ujedinjene nacije o Kosovu, pa do zahteva Međunarodnom sudu pravde oko legalnosti proglašenja kosovske nezavisnosti.

"Vuk Jeremić je već naneo štetu Srbiji. Ja verujem da će se nama fakturisati činjenica da smo mi progurali našeg predsednika Generalne skupštine mimo volje određenih članica EU. I ovo sad što radimo prema Hrvatskoj, bojim se da će nam se negde jednom kasnije vratiti, u procesu eventualnom pridruživanju EU", ocenjuje Milić.

19.11.2012, SETimes, Balkan NGOs want their voices heard

SETimes, 19.11.2012.

setimes

Civil society participation in policy-making is necessary to produce quality laws, but NGOs must be more assertive to advance this goal, according to organisation representatives.

"Many countries in the region have started to set up an institutional framework for co-operation between the NGOs and public institutions," Karin Shultz, director of development consulting at the Swedish Institute for Public Administration, an organisation that specialises in capacity building and institutional development in coun-tries in transition, told SETimes.

"What they now need is to implement and truly utilise these frameworks," Shultz said.

Promoting civil sector participation in policy-making is required under the EU accession process, including in sensitive issues such as defence policy.

In Macedonia, the government designated a special department to serve as a bridge between state institutions and the 7,000 NGOs that operate there.

Civil sector-government co-operation is generally positive, according to Emina Nuredinovska, department chief at the NGO Center for International Co-operation in Skopje.

"Our ideas are not always fully implemented and turned into legal provisions, but the consultative process is improving," Nuredinovska told SETimes. Nuredinovska said NGOs should be more proactive and more readily come up with initiatives.

"The organisations working under government protection can achieve much more than others working independently," Zorica Dimovska of the Women Organisation in Skopje's Centre municipality told SETimes.

Dimovska's NGO is part of the civil initiative Aman!, which is protesting high energy prices. Aman! said it wanted to start a civil initiative to collect 10,000 signatures to amend the Energy Law, but has been waiting for a month for the required go-ahead from parliament.

Civil society can give valuable analysis and recommendations, but government ultimately executes policies, according to Jelena Milic, director of the Centre for Euro-Atlantic Studies (CEAS) in Belgrade.

CEAS conducted a poll on how government officials and civil society activists perceive which policies and main actors can facilitate and advance reforms.

"Most respondents have a positive attitude towards Serbia's EU integration as well as the possibility of that process to contribute to the reform in the security sector," Milic told SETimes.

Based on its findings, the CEAS will recommend the Serbian government adopt a coherent foreign policy strategy whose priorities will be EU integration, co-operation with NATO and regional co-operation.

Goran Petrovic, the first democratically nominated chief of security in Serbia and current official in Serbia's Social-Democratic Party, also supports active NGO participation in security reform.

"The civil sector role is highly important in this field ... [since] political parties usually propose reforms only while they are in the opposition," Petrovic told SETimes.